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1 against Pennsylvania brought upon it once
chap. VII.} 1763. June.
more the censure of the king2 for its ‘supine and neglectful conduct;’ but the censure was no longer addressed to its government; for the ministry was firm in the purpose of keeping up an army in America, and substituting taxes by parliament for requisitions by the crown.

So the general, with little aid from Pennsylvania, took measures for the relief of the West. The fortifications of Fort Pitt had never been finished, and the floods had opened it on three sides. But the brave Ecuyer, its commander, without any engineer, or any artificers but a few shipwrights, raised a rampart of logs round the fort, above the old one, palisaded the interior of the area, constructed a fire-engine, and in short took all precautions which art and judgment could suggest for the preservation of his post.3 The garrison consisted of three hundred and thirty men,4 officers and all included, and was in no immediate danger;5 but it was weakened by being the asylum of more than two hundred women and children.6 On the twenty-first of June, a large party of Indians made a vigorous though fruitless assault on Fort Ligonier;7 the next day, before the issue of this

1 [125] to Bouquet, 6 June, 1763: ‘I wish the Assembly would as effectually lend their assistance; but as I have no sort of dependence on them,’ &c. &c. Compare Bouquet to Amherst, 11 August, 1763: ‘Had the Provinces assisted us, this would have been the favorable moment to have crushed the barbarians, a service we cannot effect with our forces alone.’

2 Secretary of State to Amherst, October, 1763.

3 Col. Bouquet to Sir Jeffery Amherst, 11 August, 1763.

4 Capt. Ecuyer to Col. Bouquet 26 June, 1763.

5 Col. Bouquet to Gen. Amherst, 3 July, 1763.

6 Ecuyer to Bouquet, 26 June, 1763.

7 Lieutenant Blane to Col. Bonquet, Ligonier, 28 June, 1763.

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