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‘ [132] villains’ knew no bounds; and he became himself a
chap. VII.} 1763. Aug.
man of blood. ‘As to accommodation with the savages, I will have none,’ said he, ‘until they have felt our just revenge. I would have every measure that can be fallen upon for their destruction taken.’ Pontiac he declared to be ‘the chief ringleader of mischief.’ ‘Whoever kills Pontiac,’ he continued, ‘shall receive from me a reward of one hundred pounds;’1 and he bade the commander at Detroit make public proclamation for an assassin. He deemed the Indians not only unfit to be allies, and unworthy of being respected as enemies, ‘but as the vilest race of beings that ever infested the earth, and whose riddance from it must be esteemed a meritorious act, for the good of mankind. You will, therefore,’ such were his instructions to the officers engaged in the war, ‘take no prisoners, but put to death all that fall into your hands.’2

Had this spirit prevailed, the war would have for ever continued in an endless series of alternate murders, in which the more experienced Indian excelled the white man. The Senecas, against whom Amherst had specially directed unsparing hostilities, lay in

1 Sir J. Amherst to Major Gladwin, 10 August, 1763: ‘You will make known to the troops under your command, that whoever kills Pontiac, who seems to have been the chief ringleader of the mischief, shall receive from me a reward of one hundred pounds.’

2 Sir Jeffery Amherst's instructions to Captain Lieutenant Gardiner, to be shown to Major Gladwin, &c. New-York, 10 August, 1763: ‘The Senecas, * * with all the other nations on the lakes, * * must be deemed our enemies, and used as such; not as a generous enemy, but as the vilest race of beings that ever infested the earth, and whose riddance from it must be esteemed a meritorious act, for the good of mankind. You will, therefore, take no prisoners, but put to death all that fall into your hands of the nations who have so unjustly and cruelly committed depredations. * * I have thought proper to promise a reward of one hundred pounds to the man who shall kill Pontiac, the chief of the Ottawas—a cowardly villain,’ &c. &c. Signed Jeff. Amherst.

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