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[135] Lawrence, south of Cape Rosieres, designating the line
chap VIII.} 1763 June.
with precision on a map, which is still preserved.1 At the south, the boundary of Georgia was extended to its present line.

Of Canada, General Murray advised2 to make a military colony, and to include the west within its jurisdiction, in order to overawe — the older colonies, and keep them in fear and submission. Against this project Shelburne desired to restrict3 the government of Canada within narrower limits, and to bound it on the west by a line drawn from the intersection of the parallel of forty-five degrees north with the St. Lawrence to the east end of Lake Nipising. This advice was promptly rejected by the imperative Earl of Egremont,4 who insisted on including in the new province all the great lakes and all the Ohio valley to the Mississippi; but Shelburne5 resolutely enforced his opinion, which, for the time, prevailed,6 and the plan of intimidating America by a military colony at its north and west was deferred. With regard to ‘the mode of revenue least burthensome and most palatable to the colonies, whereby they were to contribute to the additional expense which must attend the civil and military establishments adopted on the present occasion,’ Shelburne

1 ‘With regard to the limits of these governments, as described in the report, and marked out in the chart thereunto annexed,’ &c. of Egremont to the Board of Trade, 11 July, 1763 (E. and A., 278).

2 General Murray's opinion, given by himself to Frances, as contained in M. Frances au Due de Choiseul, à Londres le 2 Septembre, 1768.

3 Lords of Trade to the Secretary of State, 8 June, 1763.

4 Secretary of State to Lords of Trade, 14 July, 1763.

5 Lords of Trade to the Secretary Earl of State, 5 August, 1763.

6 Secretary of State to the Lords of Trade, 19 September, 1763: ‘His Majesty is pleased to lay aside the idea of including within the government of Canada the lands which are to be reserved, for the present, for the use of the Indians.’

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