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[142] on the inconvenience of sacrificing his ministry.1 ‘I
chap. VIII.} 1763. Aug.
have fully considered upon your long discourse on the Friday’ said he to his minister on Sunday the twentyfirst; ‘by your advice I mean to conduct myself. It is necessary to restrain the licentiousness of the times; if I suffer force to be put upon me by the opposition, the mob will try to govern me next;’2 and he decided to stand by the ministry.

But, just at that moment, news came that Egremont was dying of a stroke of apoplexy. The place of secretary now seemed to await Pitt's acceptance. ‘Your majesty has three options,’ said Grenville and Halifax; ‘to strengthen the hands of the present ministry, or to mingle them with a coalition, or to throw the government entirely into the hands of Pitt and his friends.’ ‘To the last,’ said the king, ‘I never will consent.’3

The Duke of Bedford, who hated and despised4 George Grenville, came to town. ‘Your government,’ said he to the king, ‘cannot stand; you must send to Mr. Pitt and his friends.’ When Grenville heard this, he was overwhelmed with consternation and rage. His anger towards the Duke of Bedford5 became unappeasable; and he never forgave him the advice.

It was the interest of Bute to see Pitt at the head of affairs, for Pitt alone had opposed him as a minister without animosity towards him as a man. They who had sided with him when in power, now so dreaded

1 Grenville's Diary, 19 August, Grenville Papers, II. 193.

2 Geo. Grenville's Diary, Sunday, 21 August, in Grenville Papers, II. 193.

3 Grenville's Diary. 22 and 23 August, in Grenville Papers, II. 194.

4 C. Townshend to Temple, 11 Sept. 1763, in Gr. P. II. 121.

5 Sir Denis Le Marchant's note to Walpole's Memoirs, i. 287.

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