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‘ [144] those who have served me faithfully and devoted
chap. VIII.} 1763. Aug.
themselves to me’ ‘The reproach,’ answered Pitt, ‘will light on your ministers, and not on yourself. It is fit to break the present government, which is not founded on true revolution principles;’ and he showed the .principles which he wished should rule, by insists ing on excluding Lord Mansfield from the cabinet, and proposing Pratt for a peerage. Nor did he fail to comment on the infirmities of the peace as ‘dishonorable, dangerous and criminal;’ and to declare that ‘the Duke of Bedford should have no efficient office whatever.’ He would restore to the king's council the men of the great Whig families, who, like himself, had been driven from power, yet not as a party to triumph over the prerogative. The king preserved his self-possession, combated several of these demands, said now and then that his honor must be consulted,1 and reserved his decision till a second interview.2

1 For the king's account of this interview to Grenville, in Grenville's Diary, 197, 199; to Hertford in Walpole's George III. i. 291; to Sandwich, in Sandwich to Bedford, and in Bedford to Neville, in Bedford Cor. III. 238, 241. For Pitt's account to Wood, see Wood's Letter, in the Chatham Correspondence; to Hardwicke, in Hardwicke to Royston, Harris III. 377, 380; to the House of Commons, in Walpole, i. 318, 319, and in several contemporary letters, containing the accounts of the debates.

2 Charles Townshend to Temple, 11 Sept. 1763, in Grenville Papers, II. 121. ‘The general idea of Mr. Pitt's establishment, is asserted to have been never accepted or approved in any one meeting.’

That Pitt had no good reason to think the king intended to accept his terms, appears also from his own account of it, as reported by Hardwicke. Bute, in his interview, wished at first to keep it a secret one. Then openness was pushed to an extreme. Pitt's summons to court was an unsealed note, as little confidential as a Lord Chamberlain's card of invitation. When Pitt named names, the king asked him to write them down, which Pitt declined to do. Some of Pitt's suggestions were so offensive to the king, that while he said he liked to hear him, and bade him go on, he yet said ‘now and then’ that is repeatedly that his honor must be consulted. Surely to describe the acceptance of a proposition as inconsistent with honor, would seem not to be an encouragement that it would be accepted.

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