previous next
[164] the monument to Pitt's name at the head of the Ohio,
chap. IX.} 1763. Oct.
and have brought all the settlers to this side the mountains. ‘The country to the westward of our frontiers, quite to the Mississippi, was intended to be a desert for the Indians to hunt in and inhabit.’ 1

Such a policy was impossible; already there was at Detroit the seed of a commonwealth. The long protracted siege drew near its end. The belts sent in all directions by the French, reached the nations on the Ohio and Lake Erie. The Indians were assured2 that their old allies would depart; the garrison in the Peorias was withdrawn; the fort Massiac was dismantled; its cannon sent to St. Genevieve, the oldest settlement of Europeans in Missouri. The missionary, Forget, retired. At Vincennes3 the message to all the nations on the Ohio was explained to the Piankishaws, who accepted the belts and the calumets.

The courier who took the belt to the north, offered peace to all the tribes wherever he passed;4 and to Detroit, where he arrived on the last day of October, he bore a letter of the nature of a proclamation, informing the inhabitants of the cession of Canada to England; another, addressed to twenty-five nations by name, to all the Red Men, and particularly to Pontiac, chief of the Ottawas; a third to the commander, expressing a readiness to surrender to the English all the forts on the Ohio, and east of the Mississippi. The next morning Pontiac sent to Gladwin, that he accepted the peace which his father, the

1 Lord Barrington's Narrative.

2 Neyon de Villiere à toutes les nations de la Belle Riviere, et du lac, et notamment à ceux de Detroit, à Pondiac, chef des Couata souas au Detroit.

3 Letter of M. de St. Ange, of 24 Octobre, in Lettre de M. de Neyon à M. de Kerlerec, ler, Xbre. 1763.

4 De Neyon a Kerlereo, 1 Dec. 1763.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)
hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Pontiac (2)
Neyon Villiere (1)
Ange.M. De St. Ange (1)
M. Kerlerec (1)
Gladwin (1)
De Detroit (1)
Lettre De M. De Neyon (1)
De Neyon (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1763 AD (2)
October (2)
December 1st, 1763 AD (1)
October 24th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: