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[167] dollars annually; and now Spain, as a compen-
chap. IX.} 1763. Oct.
sation for Havana, made over to England the territory which occasioned this fruitless expense. Most of the people, receiving from the Spanish treasury indemnity for their losses, migrated to Cuba, taking with them the bones of their saints and the ashes of their distinguished dead; leaving, at St. Augustine, their houses of stone, in that climate imperishable, without occupants, and not so much as a grave tenanted.

The western province of Florida extended west and north to the Mississippi, in the latitude of thirty-one degrees. On the twentieth of October the French surrendered the post of Mobile, with its brick fort,1 which was fast crumbling to ruins. A month later the

slight stockade at Tombecbe,2 in the west of the Choctaw country, was delivered up. In all this England gained nothing for the time but an unhealthy station for her troops, for whom there was long no shelter but low huts of bark. To secure peace at the south, the Secretary of State had given orders3 to invite a congress of the southern tribes, the Catawbas, Cherokees, Creeks, Chicasaws and Choctaws; and in a convention held on the tenth of November, at Augusta, at which the governors of Virginia and the colonies south of it were present, the peace with the Indians4 of the south and southwest was ratified. The head man and chiefs of both the upper and lower Creek nations, whose warriors were thirty-six hundred in number,

1 Gayarre.

2 Florida, in America, and the West Indies, CXXXIV. Gayarre, II. 108.

3 Egremont to Governor Boone, 16 March, 1763. Boone to Egremont, 1 June, 1763.

4 Treaty with the upper and lower Creeks, 10 Nov. 1763. Fauquier to Egremont, 20 November, 1763. McCall's History of Georgia, i. 301.

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