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[177] of the finances, and the alleviation of the burdens
chap IX.} 1764. Jan.
which pressed upon the country gentlemen of England. When Halifax urged the payment of the salaries of the crown officers in the colonies, directly from England, in accordance with the system which he had been maturing since 1748, Grenville would not consent to it; and though Halifax, at a formal interview with him, at which Hillsborough and Jenkinson were present, became extremely heated and eager,1 Grenville remained inflexible.

Nor would he listen to the suggestion, that the revenue to be raised in America should constitute a fund to be disposed of under the sign manual of the king; he insisted that it should be paid into the receipt of the Exchequer, to be regularly appropriated by parliament.2 Nor did Grenville ever take part in the schemes which were on foot to subvert the charters of the colonies, and control their domestic government. Nor did he contribute to confer paramount authority on the military officers in America.3 On the contrary, he desired to keep the army subordinate to the law. He did not, indeed, insist that his colleagues should yield to his opinions, but, in parliament and elsewhere, he refrained from favoring the system which would have made the crown officers in America, wholly independent of American legislatures; and have raised the military power in America above the civil. When, therefore, he came to propose

1 Grenville's Diary for Friday, 6 January, 1764, in Grenville Papers, i. 48.

2 Hartley, in his published letters, Wells on this distinction. But compare the acts prepared by Grenville, with those of Townshend and Lord North.

3 Pownall's Administration of the Colonies. Second Edition, 69, and compare the edition of 1776, i. 101. Grenville's speeches in Cavendish, for April, 1770.

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