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[168] system of Grenville; taking an account of the cost to
Chap. XXXIV.} 1768. July.
the Exchequer of the Stamp Act, so as to draw on the sinking fund to liquidate the loss;1 or meditating to offer the Colonies some partial and inadequate representation in Parliament;2 inattentive to the character of events which were leading to the renovation of the world. Not so the Americans. Village theologians studied the Book of Revelation3 to see which seal was next to be broken, which angel was next to sound his trumpet. ‘Is not God preparing the way in his Providence,’4 thus New England ministers communed together, ‘for some remarkable revolutions in Christendom, both in polity and religion?’ And as they pondered on the prophecies of the New Testament, they were convinced that ‘the time was drawing very near, when the man of sin would be destroyed, and the Church,’ which, in the mouth of New England divines, included civil and religious liberty, ‘would rise and spread through the nations.’

Who will deny that the race has a life and progress of its own, swaying its complex mind by the guiding truths which it developes as it advances? While New England was drawing from the Bible proof of the nearness of the overthrow of tyranny, Turgot at Paris, explained to David Hume the perfectibility and onward movement of the race.5 ‘The British Government,’ said he,

1 Grey Cooper to Auditor of the Revenue, 1 July, 1768. Same to Same. 5 July, 1768.

2 George Grenville to Gov. Pownal, 17 July, 1768, in Pownall's Administration of the Colonies: ii. 113, in Ed. of 1777.

3 The Revelation of St. John the Divine, Chap. XVI.

4 Ezra Stiles's Correspondence, July, 1768.

5 Turgot to Hume, Paris, 3 July, 1768, in Burton's Hume, III. 163, 164.

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