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[174] as they expressed it, ‘against that insolent
Chap. XXXV.} 1768. July.
town’ of Boston.1 The thought of gaining quiet by repealing or modifying the act, was utterly discountenanced. ‘If the Government,’ said they, ‘now gives way as it did about the Stamp Act, it will be all over with its authority in America.’ As Grafton had escaped to the country,2 Hallowell was examined at the Treasury Chambers before Lord North and Jenkinson.3 He represented that the determination to break the revenue laws was not universal; that the revenue officers who remained there were not insulted; that the spirit displayed in Boston, did not extend beyond its limits; that Salem and Marblehead made no opposition to the payment of the duties; that the people in the country would not join, if Boston were actually to resist Government; and that the four Commissioners at the castle could not return to town, till measures were taken for their protection.

The Memorial of the Commissioners themselves to the Lords of the Treasury announced, that ‘there had been a long concerted and extensive plan of resistance to the authority of Great Britain; that the people of Boston had hastened to acts of violence sooner than was intended; that nothing but the immediate exertion of military power could prevent an open revolt of the town, which would probably spread throughout the Provinces.’4 The counter memorial in behalf of Boston, proving that the riot had been caused by the imprudent and violent proceedings

1 W. S. Johnson's P. S. to Letter of 23 July, 1768, to W. Pitkin.

2 Hamilton to Calcraft, 24 July, 1768. Chat. Corr. III. 385. Frances to Choiseul, 29 July, 1768.

3 Treasury Chamber, 21 July, 1768. Present, Lord North, Mr. Campbell, and Mr. Jenkinson.

4 Narration of Facts relative to American Affairs; Thomas Bradshaw to J. Pownall, 22 July, 1768.

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