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[198] considered, and it was unanimously voted that it
Chap. XXXVI.} 1768. Sept.
be accepted and recorded. The record remains to the honor of Boston among all posterity.

‘There are the arms,’ said Otis, pointing to the chests in which they lay. ‘When an attempt is made against your liberties, they will be delivered.’ One man, impatient to offer resistance, cried out, that they wanted a head; another, an old man, was ready to rise and resume all power; a third reasoned, that liberty is as precious as life, and may equally be defended against the aggressor; that when a people's liberties are threatened, they are in a state of war and have a right to defend themselves.

But every excessive opinion was overruled or restrained, so that the country might the more cheerfully respond to the town of Boston. The Bill of Rights declared that for the redress of grievances, Parliaments ought to be held frequently; the Assembly of Massachusetts had been arbitrarily dissolved; and Bernard refused to issue writs for a new one; so that the legislative rights of the Colony were suspended. The Town therefore, following the precedent of 1688, proposed a Convention in Faneuil Hall. To this body they elected Cushing, Otis, Samuel Adams, and Hancock, a committee to represent them; and directed their Selectmen to inform the several towns of the Province of their design.1 It was also voted by a very great majority

1 Compare Edmund Burke's Speech, 8 Nov. 1768, in Cavendish, i. 39. ‘Such an order to a Governor was an annihilation of the Assembly; and when the Assembly was dissolved, an usurped Assembly met.’

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