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[227] of the Board of Trade.1 The Cherokees ratified all
Chap. XXXVIII} 1768. Oct.
their former grants of lands, and established as the western boundary of Virginia, a straight line drawn from Chiswell's mine, on the Eastern Bank of the Great Kanawha, in a northerly course to the confluence of that river with the Ohio.2

To thwart the negotiation of Stuart, Virginia had appointed Thomas Walker its Commissioner to the Congress held at Fort Stanwix with the Six Nations. Sir William Johnson, who, as the Indian Agent for the Northern District, had the management of the business, was thoroughly versed in the methods of making profit by his office. William Franklin of New Jersey was present also, ready to assist in obtaining the largest cessions of lands, which might become the foundation for new provincial grants. The number3 of Indians present was but little short of three thousand. Every art was used to conciliate the chiefs of the Six Nations; and gifts were lavished on them with unusual generosity. They, in turn, complied with the solicitations of the several agents. The line that was established began at the North, where

Canada Creek joins Wood Creek;4 on leaving New-York, it passed from the nearest fork of the West Branch of the Susquehannah to Kittaning on the Alleghany, whence it followed that river and the Ohio. At the mouth of the Kanawha, it met the line

1 John Stuart to Mr. President Blair; Hard Labor, 17 Oct. 1768.

2 Treaty of 14 Oct. 1768, at Hard Labor, with the chiefs of the Upper and Lower Cherokees. Stuart to Mr. President Blair, Hard Labor, 17 Oct. 1768. Letter from Charles Town, 23 January, 1769.

3 William Franklin to Hillsborough, 17 Dec. 1768.

4 Johnson to Hillsborough, 23 Oct. and 18 Nov. 1768.

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