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‘ [239] or until the Colonies shall have dropped the
Chap. XXXVIII} 1768. Dec.
point of right. Nor can the conduct of the people of Boston pass without a severe censure.’ A very long discussion ensued; but he was inflexible.

It became evident that the attention of Parliament was to be confined to the Colony of the Massachuetts Bay; for the Memorial and the Remonstrance from Virginia were kept back; and a Petition from the Assembly of Pennsylvania to the House of Commons was put aside. The next day Beckford1 and Trecothick, as friends to America, demanded rather such general inquiry, as might lead to measures of relief.

‘The question of taxation is not before us;’ interposed Lord North; ‘but the question is, whether we are to lay a tax one year, when America is at peace, and take it off the next, when America is in arms against us. I am against the repeal of the Act; it would spread an alarm, as if we did it from fear. The extraordinary appearance this would have in America, the encouragement it would give our enemies and the discouragement it would give our friends, the impossibility of acting with authority, if our authority should receive another wound,—all bind us not to take that question into consideration again.’ He, therefore, demanded the expression of the united opinion of Great Britain, so that Boston might be awed into obedience.

‘The Americans believe,’ rejoined Beckford, ‘that there is a settled design in this country to rule them ’

1 See Account of the Day in Garth to Committee of South Carolina, 10 Dec. 1768. Also in W. S. Johnson to Gov. of Connecticut, 3 Jan. 1769, and in Cavendish Debates.

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