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‘ [268] and brings on a paroxysm.’ The Representation,
Chap. XL.} 1769. March
therefore, of New-York, though carefully written, was rejected by the House of Commons, because it questioned the right of Parliament to tax America. But this sovereignty being asserted, the Ministry, terrified by the recovery of Chatham which alarmed Camden and Grafton, and by the complaints of the merchants at the diminution of exports, were content with the Parliamentary sanction of their measures, wished the controversy with the Colonies well over, and sought to lull them into acquiescence. The plan for altering the Charter of Massachusetts on which Hillsborough had been definitively resolved,1 was for the present, laid aside; discretionary orders were transmitted to Gage to ‘send back to Halifax the two regiments, which were brought from that station, and to restore the regular rotation by sending two other regiments to Ireland.’2 Bernard was given up and recalled with a promise to the London merchants that he should not be employed in the Colonies again; and the government of Massachusetts was to be confided to Hutchinson, a town-born citizen of Boston. New-York was to be secured by a confirmation of its jurisdiction over Vermont, and the permission to issue paper-money; and Virginia, by a more extended boundary at the West.

At the same time England professed to seek a good understanding with France. But Choiseul remembered too well the incidents of the last Seven Years War. ‘Hatred and jealousy,’ thus he instructed the French Ambassador, ‘inspire the English with ’

1 Hutchinson to J. Williams of Hatfield, 29 January, 1769.

2 Hillsborough to Gage, 24 March; 1769.

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