a junior Lord
of the Treasury, contrary, as he himself
with the utmost solemnity declared, to his most earnest wish, and his intention at that very time,1
to give his deciding vote in the Cabinet
against the repeal, which the Duke
, the head of his Board, had proposed and advocated.2
Now, indeed, the die was cast.
Neither the Bedford
party, nor the King
meant to give up the right to tax; and they clung to the duty on tea, as an evidence of their lordly superiority.
‘We can grant nothing to the Americans
,’ said Hillsborough, ‘except what they may ask with a halter round their necks.’3
‘They are a race of convicts,’ said the famous moralist, the pensioned Samuel Johnson
, ‘and ought to be thankful for any thing we allow them short of hanging.’4
A Circular letter was sent forthwith to all the Colonies, promising on the part of the Ministry to lay no more taxes on America
for revenue, and to repeal those on paper, glass, and colors.
found fault with the paper as not couched in terms so conciliatory as those in the minute of the Cabinet
The complaint was pitiful, for the substance of the decision had been truly given.
More honied words would have been useless hypocrisy.
should have blamed himself.
When he acquiesced in the removal of Shelburne, he gave his assent to his own humiliation.