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1 his order to repair to England, and, citing
Chap. XLI. 1769. June.
a royal instruction on the subject of provincial grants for the support of Government, coupled his new demand of a year's salary with an intimation, that he should give his assent to no Act, which the grant did not precede.

The House, having disdainfully rejected his de-

July.
mand,2 adopted nearly word for word the three Resolutions of Virginia3 on taxation,4 intercolonial correspondence, and trial by a jury of the vicinage. They also enumerated their grievances, and declared the ‘establishment of a standing army in the Colony, in a time of peace, without consent of its General Assembly, an invasion of the natural and chartered rights of the people.’

For the troops thus quartered in Boston against the will of the Province, Bernard demanded5 the appropriations which the Billeting Act required. ‘Be explicit and distinct,’ said he, in a second Message, ‘that there may be no mistake.’6 The Act of Parliament thus formally referred to, was that, on account of which the legislative powers of New-York had been suspended; it was one to which other Colonies had partially yielded. The troops had been sent to Boston to enforce the laws; their coming had been the deliberate order of the King and his Ministry, and had been specially commended by Parliament. It was well known in what body the hatred of America had

1 [288] from the Governor, 28 June, 1769; Bradford, 175, 176.

2 Answer of the House of Representatives, 4 July, 1769; in Bradford, 180, 181.

3 Bradford's State Papers, 176, 177, and 180.

4 Compare S. Cooper to T. Pownall, 12 July, 1769.

5 Message of Bernard, 6 July, 1769; Bradford, 183.

6 Message of Bernard, 12 July 1769; Bradford, 183, 184.

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