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1 The official report only declares, that he did
Chap XLI.} 1769. Aug.
not survive the first day of bondage.2

The blow fell unexpectedly, and spread consternation. An amnesty for the people reserved the right of making further arrests. Provisional decrees settled the government. On the twenty-sixth and the following days, the inhabitants of New Orleans and its vicinity took the oath of allegiance to the Catholic King.

Nearly two months passed in collecting evidence against the twelve selected victims. They denied the jurisdiction of the Spanish tribunal over actions done under the flag of France and during the prevalence of French laws. But the tribunal was inexorable. The estates of the twelve, who were the richest and most considerable men in the Province, were confiscated in whole or in part for the benefit of the officers employed in the trial; six were sentenced to imprisonment for six, or ten years, or for life; the memory of Villere was declared infamous; the remaining five, Lafreniere, his young son-in-law, Noyau, Caresse, Marquis, and Joseph Milhet, were condemned to be hanged.

The citizens of New Orleans entreated time for a petition to Charles the Third; the wives, daughters, and sisters of those who had not shared in the revolution, appealed to O'Reilly for mercy; but without effect. Tradition will have it, that the young and gallant Noyau, newly married, might have escaped; but he refused to fly from the doom of his associates.3 On

1 [295] History of Louisiana; Gayarreas Hist. de la Louisiane, II. 305.

2 Note at page 303 of Gayarreas Lectures, Third Series.

3 Gayarre's Louisiana, III. 338, 339.

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