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[304] with the subserviency of a courtier, yet in approving
Chap. XLII.} 1769. Aug.
wills, he was considerate towards the orphan and the window, and he heard private suits with unblemished integrity. In adjusting points of difference with a neighboring jurisdiction, he was faithful to the Province by which he was employed. His advancement to administrative power was fatal to England and to himself. The love of money, which was his ruling passion in youth, had grown with his years; and avarice in an old man is cowardly and mean; knows that its time is short, and clutches with eagerness at immediate gains.

A nervous timidity which was natural to him, had been increased by age as well as by his adverse experience during the riots on account of the Stamp Act; and in the conduct of public affairs made him as false to his employers as to his own honor. While he cringed to the minister, he trembled before the people.

At Boston, Hutchinson professed zeal for the interests and liberties of the Province. With fawning treachery he claimed to be its friend; had at one time courted its favor by denying the right1 of Parliament to tax America either internally or externally; and had argued with conclusive ability against the expediency and the equity of that measure.2 He now redoubled his attempts to deceive; wrote favorable letters which he never3 sent, but read to those about him as evidence of his good will; and professed even to have braved hostility

1 John Adams in Novanglus.

2 The Argument still exists in manuscript, and assisted to deceive the Rockingham whigs as well as unsuspecting men in the Colony.

3 Letters in Letter Book to Bollan, 16 Feb. 1769. Boston Gazette, 4 March, 1776; 1085, 2, 8.

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