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[314] only to abscond from the town. Terrified by
Chap. XLII.} 1769. Oct.
the commotions, the only two importers who had continued to stand out, capitulated.1

To the military, its inactivity was humiliating. Soldiers and officers spoke of the people angrily as rebels. ‘The men were rendered desperate’ by the firmness with which the local magistrates put them on trial for every transgression of the provincial laws.2 Arrests provoked resistance. ‘If they touch you, run them through the bodies,’ said a Captain in the twenty-ninth regiment to his soldiers, and was indicted for the speech.3 The magistrates continued their efforts to check the insolence of offenders by the civil authority, although soldiers were repeatedly rescued from peace officers, and contrived to evade legal punishments.4

In November, a true Bill was found by the Grand

Jury against Thomas Gage, as well as many others, ‘for slandering the town of Boston.’5 Dalrymple was so ‘continually engaged in disagreeable broils,’ that he and other officers longed to leave the town. Martial Law not having been proclaimed, ‘a military force,’ Hutchinson owned, ‘was of no sort of use,’ and was ‘perfectly despised.’6 ‘Troops,’ said Samuel Adams, ‘which have heretofore been the terror of the enemies to liberty, parade the streets, to become the objects of the contempt even of women and children.’7

The menace that he and his friends should

1 Dalrymple to Gage, 6 November, 1769.

2 Dalrymple to Gage, 28 Oct. 1769.

3 The Bill of Indictment found against Parmely Molesworth in the Superior Court, in Nov. 1769. Original papers of S. Adams.

4 Paper by James Bowdoin.

5 Indictment found and Presented by the Grand Jury at Boston I have the originals of some of them.

6 Hutchinson's Hist. III. 263.

7 Samuel Adams to D. De Berdt, 6 Nov. 1769.

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