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[318] bound Carolina to England, the people were high-
Chap. XLII.} 1769. Dec.
spirited; and notwithstanding the great inconvenience to their trade, they persevered in the strict observance of their association; looking with impatient anxiety for the desired repeal of the Act complained of.1

Thus all America confined its issue with Great Britain to the single question of the Act imposing a duty on tea. ‘Will not a repeal of all other duties satisfy the colonists?’2 asked one of the ministerial party of Franklin in London. And he frankly answered: ‘I think not; it is not the sum paid in the duty on tea, that is complained of as a burden, but the principle of the Act, expressed in the Preamble.’ The faithful advice was communicated to the Ministry; but what effect could it produce, where Hillsborough administered the Colonies with Bernard for his Counsellor?

Men felt that a crisis3 was near which would affect every part of the British empire. Hutchinson saw no prospect of establishing such a government as he desired, until free speech in the mother country should be restrained; and Otis, who was bowed to the ground with the sorrow of despair, had no hope for America, but ‘from some grand revolution in England.’4 The question was not a narrow colonial one respecting three pence a pound duty on tea; it involved the reality of representative Government, and its decision would show, whether the feudal monarchy of the

1 Bull to Hillsborough, 6 Dec. 261.

2 Strahan to Franklin, 21 Nov. 1769, and Franklin to Strahan, 29 Nov. 1769; in Franklin IV. 258, 261. Compare Franklin's Works, 1769. VII. 478.

3 Compare Israel Williams to Hutchinson, 20 Nov. 1769.

4 Compare Hutchinson to Sir Francis Bernard, 4 Oct. 1769.

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