The Press, too, came forward with unwonted
boldness, as the interpreter of public opinion and a legitimate power in the state.
‘Can you conceive,’ wrote the anonymous Junius1
to the King
, ‘that the people of this country will long submit to be governed by so flexible a House of Commons?
The oppressed people of Ireland
give you every day fresh marks of their resentment.
The Colonies left their native land for freedom and found it in a desert.
Looking forward to independence, they equally detest the pageantry of a King and the supercilious hypocrisy of a bishop.’
The meeting of Parliament in January, 1770,
would decide, whether the British Empire
was to escape dismemberment.
recommended to the more liberal aristocracy2
that junction with the people, which, after sixty years, achieved the Reform of the British Constitution; but in that day it was opposed by the passionate impulses of Burke
and the inherent reluctance of the high-born.
The debate on the ninth turned on the capacity and rights of the people, and involved the complaints of America
and of Ireland
, not less than the discontent of England
at the disfranchisement of Wilkes
‘It is vain and idle to found the authority of this House
upon the popular voice,’ said Charles Jenkinson
, pleading for the absolute independence of Parliament.
‘The discontents that are held up as spectres,’ said Thomas de Grey
, brother of the Attorney General
, ‘are the senseless clamors of the thoughtless, ’