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‘ [10] the recess of Parliament, take all the necessary pre-
Chap. XXV.} 1766. June.
vious steps for compassing so desirable an event. The madness and distractions of America have demanded the attention of the Supreme Legislature, and the colony Charters have been considered and declared by judges1 of the realm, inconsistent, and actually forfeited by the audacious and unpardonable Resolves of subordinate Assemblies. This regulation must no longer be trusted to accidental obedience. If I should differ in judgment from the present Administration on this point, I now declare, that I must withdraw, and not longer co-operate with persons of such narrow views in government. But I hope and expect otherwise, trusting that I shall be an instrument among them of preparing a new system.’2

Rigby was ably supported by Lord North and Thurlow; and especially by Wedderburn, who railed mercilessly at the Ministers, in a mixed strain of wit, oratory, and abuse;3 so that, notwithstanding a spirited speech from Conway, and a negative to the motion without a division, their helplessness stood exposed. America was taken out of their control and made the sport of faction.

The very same day on which Townshend proclaimed a war of extermination against American Charters, similar threats were uttered at Boston. In communicating the circular letter from Conway, proposing ‘to forgive and forget’ the incidents of the

1 The allusion is probably to the Speech of the Lord Chancellor, Northington, in the House of Lords, February 8, 1766.

2 Manuscript Report of the Conclusion of Townshend's Speech, in my possession. The manuscript appears to me to be in the hand writing of Moffat of Rhode Island, and was obtained from among the papers of the late George Chalmers, after their sale.

3 Rigby to Bedford, 4 June, 1766.

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