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[15] the booming of artillery; the Fields near the Park
Chap. XXV.} 1766. June.
were spread for feasting; and a tall mast was raised to George the Third, William Pitt, and Liberty. At night enormous bonfires blazed; and all was as loyal and happy, as though freedom had been brought back with ample pledges for her stay.

The Assembly came together in the best spirit. They passed over the claims of Colden,1 who was held to have been the cause of his own griefs; but resolved by a majority of one to indemnify James.2 They also voted to raise on the Bowling Green an equestrian statue of George the Third, and a statue of William Pitt, twice the Preserver of his Country. But the clause of the Mutiny or Billeting Act, directing colonial legislatures to make specific contributions towards the support of the army, placed New-York, where the Headquarters were established, in the dilemma of submitting immediately and unconditionally to the authority of Parliament, or taking the lead in a new career of resistance.3 The rescript was, in theory, worse than the Stamp Act. For how could one legislative body command what another legislative body should enact And, viewed as a tax, it was unjust, for it threw all the burden on the colony where the troops chanced to be collected. The Requisition of the General, made through the Governor, ‘agreeably to the Act of Parliament,’ was therefore declared to be unprecedented in its character and unreasonable in its amount; yet in the exercise of the right of free

1 Lieut. Gov. Colden to General Amherst, 24 June, 1766.

2 Colden to Conway, June, 1766.

3 Moore to Conway, and Gage to Moore, in Prior Documents, 94, &c.

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