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[8] and at heart was truly loyal. Bernard ostentatiously
Chap. XXV.} 1766. May.
negatived the choice. The negative, as unwise as it was unusual, excited in the whole colony1 undefined apprehensions of danger; but the House, deferring to legal right, acquiesced without complaint, and substituted as its Speaker the respectable but irresolute Thomas Cushing.

In the afternoon of the same day, at the choice of the Council, the four Judges of the Supreme Court, of whom Hutchinson was the Chief, the King's Attorney, and Oliver, the Secretary and late Stamp-master, all Members of the last year's Board, were not reelected; for, said Samuel Adams, ‘upon the principle of the best writers, a union of the several powers of government in one person is dangerous to liberty.’2 The ballot had conformed strictly to the charter3 and to usage, and the successful candidates were men of prudence, uprightness, and loyalty. But Bernard ‘resented’4 the exclusion of the crown officers, and from the whole number of twenty-eight he rejected six5 of the ablest ‘friends of the people in the board.’6 He had the legal right to do so; and the Legislature submitted without a murmur.7

Here the altercation should have terminated. But on the following day, Bernard—an ‘abject’ coward,8 where courage was needed, and now insolent when

1 Compare Boston Gazette, 17 6 November, 1766; 607, 1, 1.

2 Samuel Adams to Dennys De Berdt, 1766.

3 Compare the Answer of the House to Governor Bernard, 2 June, 1766.

4 Compare Bernard to Hillsborough, 30 May, 1768.

5 Thomas Hutchinson to his son, then in England, 29 May, 1766.

6 John Adams: Diary in Works, II. 204.

7 Samuel Adams to Arthur Lee, 19 April, 1771.

8 See the Journal of Captain Conner of the Romney, and the letters of the Romney, and the letters Commodore Hood, &c., &c., as well as the Boston Gazette.—Grenville Papers, IV. 375.

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