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Chapter 43:

The Boston Massacre.—Hillsborough's Administration of the Colonies continued.

January—March, 1770.

‘the troops must move to the castle,’ said
Chap. XLIII.} 1770. Jan.
Samuel Adams;1 ‘it must be the first business of the General Court to move them out of town.’2 Otis went about declaiming that ‘the Governor had power to do it by the Constitution.’3 ‘We consider this metropolis, and indeed the whole Province under duress,’ wrote Cooper, the minister. ‘The troops greatly corrupt our morals, and are in every sense an oppression;’ and his New Year's prayer to Heaven asked deliverance from their presence.4

The Massachusetts Assembly was to meet on the tenth of January, and distant members were already on their journey;5 when Hutchinson most unwisely for himself, and still more so for England, prorogued

1 Hutchinson to Sir Francis Bernard, 20 Dec. 1769.

2 Hutchinson to Hillsborough, 20 Dec. 1769.

3 Hutchinson to person unnamed, 10 January, 1770.

4 Rev. S. Cooper to Gov. Thomas Pownall, 1 Jan. 1770.

5 Hutchinson to Sir Francis Bernard; 10 Jan. 1770.

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