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[368] had never gone so far as to claim, that it might
CHAP. XLV.} 1770. July.
be used at caprice, to inflict wanton injury. There was no precedent for the measure but during the worst of times in England, or in France, where a Parliament had sometimes been worried into a submission by exile.

The Assembly expressed in the strongest terms the superiority of the Legislative body to royal instructions; and in answer to the old question of what is to be done upon the abusive exercise of the prerogative, they went back to the principles of the Revolution, and adopted the words of Locke: ‘In this as in all other cases, where they have no judge on earth, the people have no remedy but to appeal to Heaven.’ They drew a distinction between the King and his servants; and attributed to ‘wicked Ministers’ the daring encroachments on their liberty, as well as the impudent mandate ‘to one House,’ to rescind an excellent resolution of a former one.

Hutchinson made haste to expose his Sovereign

personally to contempt. On the third day of August he communicated to the House, that the instruction to rescind, which they had called an impudent mandate, was an order from the King himself, whose ‘immediate attention,’ he assured them, they would not be able ‘to escape.’ In this manner the royal dignity and character were placed on trial before a colonial Assembly, and Monarchy itself was losing all its halo.

The session had passed without the transaction of

any business, when, near the evening of Saturday, the eighth day of September, Hutchinson received the order which had been adopted in July by the King in Council, and which marks the beginning of a system

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