of measures having for their object the prevention of
The harbor of Boston
was made ‘the rendezvous of all ships, stationed in North America
,’ and the fortress which commanded it was to be delivered up to such officer as Gage
to be garrisoned by regular troops, and put into a respectable state of defence.2
At the same time Hutchinson
received from Gage
the direction to surrender up Castle William to Dalrymple
But the Charter
purposely and emphatically reserved to its Governor the command of the militia of the Colony and of its forts; the Castle
had been built and repaired and garrisoned by the Colony itself at its own expense; to take the command from the Civil Governor
and bestow it on the Commander-in-chief
, was a plain violation of the Charter
, as well as of immemorial usage.
For a day Hutchinson
but what was a scruple about the Charter
rights of Massachusetts
, compared with the favor of Hillsborough and the King
On second thoughts he resolved to obey the order at once.
Early on Monday, Dalrymple
hastened to the Castle
, provided with a power to substitute regular troops for the provincial sentries.
then repaired to the Council Chamber
, and enjoining secrecy on the mem bers upon their oaths divulged to them his instructions.
The Council was struck with amazement, for the town was very quiet, and the measure seemed a wanton provocation.
‘Does not the Charter