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[378]

Virginia resisted the proposed limitation of her

Chap. XLVI.} 1770. Oct.
jurisdiction, as fatal to her interests;1 earnestly entreating an extension of her borders westward to the Tennessee River. It would be tedious to rehearse the earnest pleas of the Colony; the hesitations of Hillsborough, who wished to pacify her people, and yet to confine her settlements; the entreaties of Botetourt; the adverse Representations of the Board of Trade; the meetings of Agents with the Beloved Men of the Cherokees. On the seventeenth of October, two days after the death of Botetourt, a treaty conforming to the decision of the British cabinet, was made at the Congress of Lochaber,2 confining the Ancient Dominion on the Northwest to the mouth of the Kenawha, while on the South it extended only to within six miles of the Holston River.3 The Cherokees would willingly have ceded more land; and when in the following year the line was run by Donelson for Virginia, their Chief consented that it should cross from the Holston to the Louisa,4 or Kentucky River, and follow it to the Ohio. But the change was disapproved in England, so that the great body of the West, unencumbered by valid titles, was happily reserved for the self-directed emigrant.

The people of Virginia and others were exploring and marking all the richest lands, not only on the Redstone and other waters of the Monongahela, but along the Ohio, as low as the little Kenawha;5 and

1 Washington to Botetourt, 15 April, 1770; Writings, II. 357.

2 Treaty of Lochaber in Mr. President Nelson's No. 8, of Dec. 1770.

3 Superintendent Stuart to Lord Botetourt, Lochaber, 25 Oct. 1770.

4 Lord Dunmore to Hillsborough, March, 1770.

5 Washington's Diary, in Writings, II. 531. Washington, II. 531.

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