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[380] west. From these eye-witnesses he received glowing
Chap. XLVI.} 1770. Nov.
accounts of the climate, soil, good streams and plentiful game that distinguished the valley of the Cumberland. There he was persuaded a new and most desirable Government might be established.1

At that time Daniel Boon was still exploring the land of promise.2 Of forty adventurers who from the Clinch River plunged into the West under the lead of James Knox, and became renowned as ‘the Long Hunters,’3 some found their way down the Cumberland to the limestone Bluff, where Nashville stands, and where the luxuriant, gently undulating fields, covered with groves of beech and walnut, were in the undisputed possession of countless buffaloes, whose bellowings resounded from hill and forest.4

Sometimes trappers and restless emigrants, boldest of their class, took the risk of crossing the country from Carolina to the Mississippi; but of those who perished by the way, no tradition preserves the names. Others, following the natural highways of the West, descended from Pittsburg, and from Red Stone Creek to Fort Natchez. The pilot, who conducted the party of which Samuel Wells and John MacIntire were the Chiefs, was so attracted by the lands round the Fort, that he promised to remove there in the spring with his wife and family, and believed a hundred families from North Carolina5 would follow.

The zeal of hunters and emigrants outran the concessions extorted from the Board of Trade. This

1 Dr. Conolly in Washington, II. 533.

2 Boon's Autobiography.

3 Monette's Valley, i. 355; Butler's Kentucky, 18, 19.

4 Ramsey's Annals of Tennessee, 105. Haywood's Civil and Political History of Tennessee, 77.

5 Letter dated Fort Natchez, 19 July, 1770. Compare Hillsborough to Chester, 3 Oct. 1770; Gage to Hillsborough, 24 April, 1770.

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