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[399] one. Political wisdom is not sealed up in rolls and
Chap XLVI.
parchments. It welled up in the forest, like the waters from the hill side. To acquire a peaceful title to their lands, the settlers despatched James Robertson1 as their envoy to the Council of the Cherokees, from whom he obtained sincere promises of confidence and friendship, and a lease of the territory of the infant Colony. For government, its members came together as brothers in convention, and already in 1772, they founded a republic by a written association,2 appointed their own magistrates, James Robertson among the first; framed laws for their present occasions; and ‘set to the people of America the dangerous example of erecting themselves into a separate State, distinct from and independent of the authority’ of the British King.3

Fanning who followed Tryon to the North, extolled his patron as the ablest supporter of Government.4 ‘I shall leave to your Lordship's reflections the tendency this expedition has had on the frontiers of every Colony in British America,’ was the self-laudatory remark of Tryon to Hillsborough.5 The insolent extortioners and officers whom the Regulators had vainly sued for redress, taunted them with their ill fortune, saying, ‘Alamance is your court of record.’6 Yet the record was not closed. In the old counties of Orange and Mecklenburg, the ‘overhill’

1 Haywood's Hist. of Tennessee, 42. 1771.

2 Haywood's Hist. of Tennessee, 41; J. G. M. Ramsey's Annals of Tennessee, 107.

3 The nearest contemporary authority is Dunmore to Dartmouth, 16 May, 1774.

4 New-York Gazette of 9 Sept.

5 Tryon to Hillsborough, New-York, 1 August, 1771.

6 Boston Gazette, 22 July, 1771; 849, 2, 3.

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