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[400] glades of Carolina, and the little band of moun-
Chap. XLVI.
taineers who planted the commonwealth of Tennessee, a bloodthirsty Governor, in his vengeful zeal for the Crown, had treasured up wrath for the day of wrath.


The successor of Tryon reached Carolina in August, 1771, and drank in all the accounts of the ‘glorious spirit,’ which had defeated the Regulators near the Alamance. The next year he made a tour into Orange County. The result of his observations is best given in his own words.

extract of A Letter from Josiah Martin [the brother of Samuel Martin, who wounded Wilkes in a duel in 1763,] Governor of North Carolina, to the Earl of Hillsborough, Secretary of State for the Colonies.

North Carolina, Hillsborough, August 30, 1772.
* * * * My progress through this country, my Lord, hath opened my eyes exceedingly, with respect to the commotions and discontents that have lately prevailed in it. I now see most clearly, that they have been provoked by insolence, and cruel advantages taken of the people's ignorance by mercenary tricking attorneys, clerks, and other little officers, who have practised upon them every sort of rapine and extortion; by which having brought upon themselves their just resentment, they engaged Government in their defence by artful misrepresentations, that the vengeance the wretched people in folly and madness aimed at their heads, was directed against the constitution; and by this stratagem they threw an odium upon the injured people, that by degrees begot a prejudice, which precluded a full discovery of their grievances. Thus, my Lord, as far as I have been able to discover, the resentment of Government was craftily worked up against the oppressed, and the protection which the oppressors treacherously acquired, where the injured and ignorant people expected to find it, drove them to acts of desperation and confederated them in violence, which as your Lordship knows, induced bloodshed; and I verily believe necessarily. Inquiries of this sort, my Lord, I am sensible are invidious; nor would any thing but a sense of duty have drawn from me these opinions of the principles of the past troubles of this country. * * * *

Diligent inquiry has not as yet brought to light a copy of the written Constitution adopted by the Settlers of Eastern Tennessee. Its existence

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