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‘ [408] honor, expelled the tyrant of Rome, and his royal
Chap. XLVII.} 1771. Oct.
and rebellious race? The liberties of our country are worth defending at all hazards. If we should suffer them to be wrested from us, millions yet unborn may be the miserable sharers in the event.1 Every step has been taken but one; and the last appeal would require prudence, unanimity, and fortitude. America must herself, under God, finally work out her own salvation.’2

While these opinions were boldly uttered, Hutch-

inson, in the annual Proclamation which appointed the Festival of Thanksgiving and which used to be read from every pulpit, sought to ensnare the clergy by enumerating as a cause for gratitude, ‘that civil and religious liberties were continued,’ and ‘trade enlarged.’ He was caught in his own toils. All the Boston ministers except one refused to read the paper; when Pemberton, of whose church the Governor was a member, began confusedly to do so; the patriots of his congregation, turning their backs on him, walked out of meeting in great indignation; and nearly all the Ministers agreed on the Thanksgiving Day ‘to implore of Almighty God the restoration of lost liberties.’3

Nowise disheartened, Hutchinson waited eagerly

and confidently ‘to hear how the extravagance of the Assembly in their last session would be resented by the King;’ now striving to set Hancock more and

1 Samuel Adams in the Boston Gazette, of 14 Oct. 1771.

2 Samuel Adams to Arthur Lee, Boston, 31 Oct. 1771. Life of Arthur Lee, II. 186; Compare Hutchinson to R. Jackson, October, 1771.

3 Cooper to Gov. Pownall, 14, S. Adams's Papers, II. 338; also II. 297. Life of Arthur Lee, II. 186. S. Adams to Henry Marchant, 7 January, 1772.

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