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[435] measures, desired the King to ‘reign in the
Chap. XLVIII.} 1772. Nov.
affections of his people,’ and would have regarded conciliation as ‘the happiest event of his life.’1 A Member of Parliament,2 having discovered through John Temple,3 that every perverse ‘measure, and every grievance complained of took their rise not from the British Government, but were projected, proposed to Administration, solicited and obtained by some of the most respectable among the Americans themselves, as necessary for the welfare of that country,’ endeavored to convince Franklin of the well ascertained fact. Franklin remaining skeptical, he returned in a few days with letters from Hutchinson, Oliver, and Paxton, written to produce coercion. These had been addressed to Whately, who had communicated them to Grenville, his patron, and through him to Lord Temple.4 They had been handed about, that they might more certainly contribute to effect the end which their writers had in view; and at Whately's death, remained in the possession of others.

1 Dartmouth to Hutchinson, 9 Dec. 1772.

2 That it was understood to be a Member of Parliament, appears from John Adams, who cites Franklin as his authority. Such certainly was the opinion of Hutchinson. ‘A Member of Parliament, by whom they had been communicated to Dr. Franklin.’ Hutchinson, III. 418.

3 That Temple was privy to the plan of getting the letters, we know from Hutchinson and under his own hand. That he kept aloof, and at this time concealed his agency in the matter, appears from his own statement and from that of Franklin. Franklin gave his word not to name his informer. English writers have not noticed, that the English Ministry and Hutchinson seem to have had the means of discovering the secret, that the Ministry discouraged inquiry, and that Temple was subsequently forgiven, and appointed to a good place.

4 Almon's Biog. Anecdotes, II. 105; confirmed by the recently printed Grenville Papers, which show that Whately was accustomed to communicate to Grenville what he received from Hutchinson. ‘Another correspondent, [i. e. Hutchinson,] the same gentleman, one of whose letters I lately sent you,’ &c. &c. Grenville Papers, IV. 480.

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