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‘ [441] and essential part of their lives, without which the
Chap. XLVIII.} 1772. Dec.
remainder was scarcely worth preserving.’1

‘They succeed,’ wrote Hutchinson plaintively;2 and he called for aid from Parliament. But the excitement increased still more, when it became known, that Thurlow and Wedderburn had reported the burning of the Gaspee to be a crime of a much deeper dye than piracy,3 and that the King, by the advice of his Privy Council, had ordered its authors and abettors to be delivered to Rear Admiral Montagu, and, with the witnesses, brought for ‘condign punishment’ to England. To send an American across the Atlantic for trial for his life, was an intolerable violation of justice; Hutchinson urged what was worse, to abrogate the Rhode Island Charter. In this hour of greatest peril, the men of Rhode Island, by the hands of Darius Sessions, their Deputy Governor, and Stephen Hopkins, their Chief Justice, appealed to Samuel Adams for advice. And he answered immediately that the occasion ‘should awaken the American Colonies, and again unite them in one band; that an attack upon the liberties of one Colony was an attack upon the liberties of all, and that therefore in this instance all should be ready to yield assistance.’4

Employing this event also to contribute to the great purpose of a general union, the Boston Committee

1 Proceedings of Chatham, Original Papers, 269; Journal of C. C., II. 118.

2 Hutchinson to R. Jackson, 8 Dec. 1772, and to John Pownall, Remembrancer, 1776, II. 60.

3 Dartmouth to Hutchinson, 4 Sept. 1772. Same to Wanton, Governor of Rhode Island, 4 September, 1772.

4 Darius Sessions, Stephen Hopkins, John Cole, and Moses Brown to Samuel Adams, Providence, 25 Dec. 1772. Adams's Reply, 28 Dec.

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