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‘ [445] tenets were held in abhorrence by the generality of
Chap. XLIX.} 1773. Jan.
the people.’1 But already eighty towns or more,2 including almost every one of the larger towns, had chosen their Committees; and Samuel Adams was planning how to effect a union of all the Colonies in Congress.3 When the Assembly met,4 the Speaker transmitted the proceedings of the Town of Boston for organizing the provincial Committees of Correspondence to Richard Henry Lee of Virginia.5

The Governor, in his Speech to the two Houses, with calculating malice summoned them to admit or disprove the supremacy of Parliament. The disorder in the Government he attributed to the denial of that supremacy, which he undertook to establish by arguments derived from the history of the Colony, its Charter, and English law. ‘I know of no line,’ he said, ‘that can be drawn between the supreme authority of Parliament and the total Independence of the Colonies. It is impossible there should be two independent Legislatures in one and the same State.’ And ‘is there,’ he asked, ‘any thing which we have more reason to dread than Independence?’ He therefore invited the Legislature to adhere to his principles or convince him of his error. Elated with vanity,

1 Dartmouth to Hutchinson, 6 January, 1773.

2 Hutchinson to a person unnamed, probably R. Jackson, 19 Feb. 1773. Same to I. Mauduit, 21 Feb. 1773; Same to Dartmouth, 22 Feb. 1773; Same to General Mackay, 23 Feb. 1773; Same to Sir Francis Bernard, 23 Feb. 1773.

3 Hutchinson to Dartmouth, 16 Sept. 1773; ‘The hint of a Congress is nothing new; it is what they have been aiming at the two last sessions.’ Same to Same, 7 Jan. 1773; Hutchinson to a person not named, 19 Feb. 1773; Same to I. Mauduit, 21 Feb. 1773; Same to General Mackay, 23 Feb. 1773.

4 Hutchinson to John Pownall, 24 Feb. 1773.

5 The letter of Cushing seems to be lost; its purport appears from the unpublished answer of R. H. Lee to T. Gushing, Lee Hall, Potomack Virginia, 13 Feb. 1773.

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