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[469]

Such were the thoughts which Samuel Adams unbosomed to his faithful fellow-laborer. The Press1

Chap. L.} 1778. Oct.
which he directed, continued to demand an annual ‘Congress of American States to frame a Bill of Rights,’ or to ‘form an independent State, an American Commonwealth.’ Union, then, Union, was the first, the last, the only hope for America. Massachusetts, where the overruling will of Samuel Adams swayed the feebler politicians, was thoroughly united. But that was not enough; ‘we must have a Convention of all the Colonies,’ he would say to his friends; and the measure was recognised by the royalists as ‘of all others the most likely to kindle a general flame.’2 His advice was confirmed by the concurrent opinion of Franklin,3 to whose ‘greatness’4 he had publicly paid a tribute. His influence5 brought even Cushing to act as one of a select Committee with himself and Heath of Roxbury; and they sent forth a secret Circular, summoning all the Colonies to be prepared to assert their rights, when time and circumstances should give to their claim the

1 Boston Gazette, 964, 2, 2; and 966, 1, 1

2 Hutchinson to J. Pownall, 18 Oct. 1773.

3 Franklin to T. Gushing, 7 July, 1773; Hutchinson to Dartmouth, 19 October, 1773.

4 Samuel Adams in Boston Gazette, 963, 3, 1, 2. See Wedderburne's Speech, 111.

5 ‘Others declare they will be altogether independent. Those of the latter opinion have for their head one of the members of Boston [Samuel Adams], who was the first person that openly and in any public assembly declared for a total independence, and who from a natural obstinacy of temper, and from many years' practice in politics, is probably as well qualified to excite the people to any extravagance in theory or practice as any man in America. * * * * Within these seven years his influence has been gradually increasing, until he has obtained such an ascendency as to direct the town of Boston and the House of Representatives, and consequently the Council, just as he pleases.’ Private Letter of Hutchinson to Lord Dartmouth, 9 Oct. 1773.

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