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[513] the question, would have softened the Bill by open-
Chap. LII.} 1774. March
ing the port on the payment of indemnity to the East India Company; and he took care that his motion should appear on the journal. ‘Obedience,’ replied Lord North, ‘obedience, not indemnification, will be the test of the Bostonians.’ ‘The offence of the Americans is flagitious,’ said Van. ‘The town of Boston ought to be knocked about their ears and destroyed. Delenda est Carthago. You will never meet with proper obedience to the laws of this country, until you have destroyed that nest of locusts.’ The clause to which Fox had objected, was adopted without any division, and with but one or two negatives.

The popular current, both within doors and without, set strongly against America. It was only for the acquittal of their own honor and the discharge of their own consciences,1 that two days later, on the third reading, Dowdeswell and Edmund Burke, unsupported by their former friends, spoke very strongly against a Bill, which punished the innocent with the guilty, condemned without an opportunity of defence, deprived the laborer and the sailor of bread, injured English creditors by destroying the trade out of which the debts due them were to be discharged, and ultimately oppressed the English manufacturer. ‘You will draw a foreign force upon you,’ said Burke; ‘I will not say where that will end, but think, I conjure you, of the consequences.’ ‘The Resolves at Boston,’ said Gray Cooper, ‘are a direct issue against the Declaratory Act;’ and half the Rockingham party went with him. Rose Fuller

1 Edmund Burke to his New-York Constituents.

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