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‘ [519] no longer; if it passes with tolerable unanimity,
Chap. LII.} 1774. March
Boston will submit, and all will end in a victory without carnage.’1 In vain did Camden meet the question fully, and return very nearly to his former principles; in vain did Shelburne prove the tranquil and loyal condition in which he had left the Colonies on giving up their administration. There was no division in the House of Lords, and its Journal, like that of the Commons, declares that the Boston Port Bill passed unanimously. The King in person made haste to give it his approval. Boston has now no option but to claim entire independence, or to approach the throne as a penitent, and promise for the future passive ‘obedience’ to British ‘laws’ in all cases whatsoever.

The immediate repeal of the tax on tea and its

April.
Preamble remained the only possible avenue to conciliation. It was moved by Rose Fuller on the nineteenth of April, and gave rise to a long and animated debate. The subject in its connections was the gravest that could engage attention, involving the prosperity of England, the tranquillity of the British empire, the principles of colonization, and the liberties of mankind. But Cornwall, speaking for the ministers, stated the question to be simply, ‘whether the whole of British authority over America should be taken away.’ On this occasion, Edmund Burke, indignant at the tyranny that was menaced, pronounced an oration such as had never been heard in the British Parliament. His boundless stores of knowledge came obedient at his command; and his

1 Shelburne to Chatham.

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