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[18] subjected to England one more country, whose people
Chap. XXVI.} 1766. July.
had not separated from the Church of Rome. At first, the English penal laws were extended to the banks of the St. Lawrence; but the British Government was soon compelled to take initiatory steps towards Catholic emancipation. Canadians, without altering their faith, were permitted to serve as jurors,1 and it was proposed to make them eligible as Justices of the Peace and as Judges.2 But Northington, in very ill humor, thrust forward vague objections;3 and as his colleagues persevered, he repaired to the King to advise their change.4

The time was now come for the eclipse of the genius and of the glory of William Pitt. Unrelenting disease and the labors of the winter session had exhausted his little strength, and irreparably wrecked his constitution. Had he remained out of place, and appeared at intervals in the House of Commons, he would have left a name needing no careful and impartial analysis of facts for his apology. As it is, I have to record, how unsuccessfully he labored to diminish the aristocratic ascendency in England; to perpetuate colonial liberty; to rescue India from the misrule of commercial cupidity; how, as he rose to guide the destinies of a great people in the career of freedom, along the unknown future, he appeared

Like one who had been led astray

Through the Heaven's high pathless way.

Farming, grazing, haymaking, and all the charms of rural life in Somersetshire could not obliterate

1 Additional Instructions to the Governor of Quebec, of 24 Feb. 1766. Dr. Adam Mabane to General Murray, 26 August, 1766.

2 Duke of Richmond's Journal, in Albemarle, i. 358.

3 Duke of Richmond's Journal, in Albemarle, i. 351.

4 Rockingham to C. Yorke, 4 July, 1766, in Albemarle, i. 357.

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