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[20] should retire.1 True to his affections, he next invited
Chap. XXVI.} 1766. July.
Temple, the beloved brother of his wife, the head of her family, and their common benefactor, to become the First Lord of the Treasury. But Temple, who had connected himself with Grenville2 and the party of Bedford, refused to unite with the friends of Rockingham; and, having told the King, ‘he would not go into the Ministry like a child, to come out like a fool,’3 he returned to Stowe, repeating this speech to the world, dictating a scurrilous pamphlet against his brother-in-law, and enjoying the notoriety of having been solicited to take office and been found impracticable.

The discussion with Temple and its issue, still further aggravated the malady of Pitt. He was too ill, on the eighteenth, to see the King, or even the Duke of Grafton, and yet, passing between all the factions of the aristocracy, he proceeded to form a Ministry. Grafton, to whom, on Saturday, he offered the Treasury, was one who did not see far before him, and was always making mistakes. His judgment was often in error; though his candor remained unimpaired. Without consultation, he went directly to Charles Townshend, by whose assiduous court and rare abilities he had been ‘captivated;’ and found him ‘eager to give up the Paymaster's place for the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer;’ which must have seemed to him ‘the readiest road to the upper seat.’ When informed of this proposal, Pitt, who

1 Camden to Thomas Walpole, 13 July, and 19 July, 1766. In Campbell's Chancellors, v. 257, 258.

2 Geo. Grenville to Bedford, 15 July, 1766, in Bedford Corr. III. 340.

3 Inquiry into the Conduct of a late Right Honorable Commoner, Durand, to Due de Choiseul, 3 Juillet, 1766. Temple to Lady Chatham, Chat. Corr. II. 469.

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