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1 The seals of the highest judicial office were
Chap. XXVI.} 1766. July.
confided to Camden, who had called taxing America, by Act of Parliament, a robbery. The former Chancellor became President of the Council; while the Prime Minister's own infirmities, which should have forbidden him to take office at all, made him reserve for himself the quiet custody of the Privy Seal Taken as a whole, the Cabinet—of which the Members were Pitt, Camden, Grafton, Conway, Shelburne, and the now inactive Northington—was the most liberal that had been composed in England. ‘If ever a Cabinet,’ wrote a sagacious observer,2 ‘can hope for the rare privilege of unanimity, it is this, in which Pitt will see none but persons whose imagination he has subjugated, whose premature advancement is due to his choice, whose expectations of permanent fortune rest on him alone.’

Of the friends of Rockingham, Lord John Cavendish set the example of refusing to serve under Grafton; but he insisted to Conway that acts of civility would satisfy the heads of his party. At this suggestion, Pitt, on the twenty-seventh of July, went to pay Rockingham a visit of respect; and had passed the threshold,3 when the young chief of the great whig families, refusing to receive him, turned the venerable

1 [22] George the Third, II. 349.

2 Durand to Choiseul, 30 July, 1766. Referring not to Chatham's Ministry, but to the modifications which Grafton afterwards made in it by a junction with the Bedfords, Chesterfield called the Cabinet a piece of ‘Mosaic.’ Burke appropriated the metaphor, and applied it wrongfully; yet in rhetoric so splendid, that every one is inclined to forget historic exactness, and quote his brilliant epigrams. Chatham's Ministry was at first less of a Mosaic than Rockingham's, and very much less of a Mosaic than the Opposition, of which Burke was now to form a part.

3 Pitt to the Duke of Grafton, Sunday, 27 July, 1766, in Grafton, 135. Walpole, II. 356. Albemarle's Rockingham, II. 4. Rockingham to Pitt, and Rockingham to Conway.

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