previous next
[25] ‘nor indeed throughout the Kingdom.’1 The lion
Chap. XXVI.} 1766. July.
had left the forest, where he roamed as the undisputed monarch, and of himself had walked into a cage. His popularity vanished, and with it the terror of his name. He was but an English Earl and the shadow of a Prime Minister; he no longer repreented the enthusiastic nationality of the British people. He had, moreover, offended the head of every faction, whose assistance he yet required; Camden, his Chancellor, had not the qualities of a great statesman, and wanted fidelity; Grafton, on whom he leaned, was indolent and easily misled; Conway, one of his Secretaries of State, always vacillated; Shelburne, his firm, able, and sincere friend, was, from the first, regarded at court with dislike; and the King himself agreed with him in nothing but the wish to humble the aristocracy.

At the time of Chatham's taking office, Choiseul,

the greatest minister of France since Richelieu,2 having assigned the care of the navy to his brother, had resumed that of Foreign Affairs. He knew the gigantic schemes of colonial conquests which Pitt had formerly harbored; and weighed the probabilities3 of an attempt to realize them by a new war against France and Spain. The agent whom he had sent in 1764 on a tour of observation through the British colonies, was just returned, and reported4 how they abounded in corn, cattle, flax, and iron; in trees fit for masts; in pine timber, lighter than oak, easily wrought, not liable to split, and incorruptible; how

1 Grafton's Autobiography.

2 Chatham in Walpole, IV. 279.

3 Choiseul to Durand, 24 August, 1766.

4 Durand to Choiseul, 3, 7, and 24 Aug. 1766; Choiseul to Durand, 15 Sept. 1766.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)
hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Due De Choiseul (4)
Durand (3)
Richelieu (1)
William Pitt (1)
Grafton (1)
English Earl (1)
Conway (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
August 24th, 1766 AD (2)
September 15th, 1766 AD (1)
1766 AD (1)
1764 AD (1)
August (1)
July (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: