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Chatham grew sick at heart, as well as decrepit.

Chap. XXVI.} 1766. Sept.
To be happy he needed the consciousness of standing well with his fellow-men. But he whose voice had been a clarion to the Protestant world no longer enjoyed popularity at home, or influence abroad, or the trusting affection of the Colonies. Cheering sympathy could scarcely have wrought the miracle of his restoration; but now the sense of his loneliness on his return to power, crushed his vigor of will. He who had been most imperative in command knew not how to resolve. Once, at Grafton's earnest solicitation, Charles Townshend was permitted to attend a consultation on European alliances.1 The next day Chatham, with the cheerful consent of the King,2 retreated to Bath; but its springs had no healing for him. He desired to control France by a northern union; and stood before Europe without one power as an ally. He loved to give the law to the Cabinet; and was just admitting into it a restless intriguer, who would not fear to traverse his policy. He gloried in the unbounded confidence of his sovereign; and the King wanted nothing of him but ‘his name.’3 He longed for the love of the people of England; and he had left their body for an Earldom. He would have humbled the aristocracy; and ‘the nobility’ not only ‘hated him’4 with vindictive arrogance, but retained strength to overwhelm him, whenever he should lose the favor of the Court.

Yet the cause of liberty was advancing, though

Chatham had gone astray. Philosophy spread the knowledge of the laws of nature. The Empress of

1 Grafton's Autobiography.

2 King to Chatham, 25 Sept. 1766; Chat. Corr. III. 75.

3 Letter of the King to Lord North.

4 Bollan to Hutchinson, 25 Sept. 1766.

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