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[54]

Relief to the mother country being thus derived

Chap. Xxviii} 1767. Feb.
from an income which had chiefly been squandered among favorites, he proposed to leave the Indian trade to be regulated under general rules by the respective Provinces at their own cost.1

Resisting those who advised to concentrate the American army in the principal towns, he wished rather that the military should be disposed on the frontiers among the younger Colonies, where their presence might be desired.2

The people of America, even a majority of those who adhered to the Church of England, feared as yet to see an American Episcopate, lest ecclesiastical courts should follow; Shelburne expressed his opinion openly, that there was no manner of occasion for American Bishops.3

He reprobated the political dependence of the judges in the Colonies; and advised that their commissions should conform to the precedent in England.4

The grants of lands in Vermont under the seal of New Hampshire, he ordered to be confirmed, and this decision was not less wise than just.5

Massachusetts and New-York had a controversy about limits, which had led to disputed land-titles and bloodshed on the border; instead of keeping the question open as a means of setting one Colony against another, he directed that it should be definitively settled; and Massachusetts did not scruple to

1 Compare Shelburne to Gage, 11 Dec. 1766.

2 Shelburne to Gage, 11 Dec. 1766.

3 Rev. Dr. Johnson to Sir William Johnson, 6 July, 1767.

4 Garth to South Carolina, 12 March, 1767. Compare Sir Henry Moore to Shelburne, 1 Feb. 1767.

5 Shelburne to Moore, 11 April, 1767.

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