the stretch, devising schemes to realize his ambitious
views; and he turned to pay the greatest court wherever political appearances were most inviting.1
In the Cabinet
meeting held on the twelfth of March at the house of Grafton
assumed to dictate to the Ministry its colonial policy.
Till that should be settled, he neither could nor would move the particular sum necessary for the Extraordinaries in America
‘If,’ said he, ‘I cannot fulfil my promise to the House
, I shall be obliged to make it appear that it is not my fault, and is against my opinion.’2
A letter from Shelburne
explained to Chatham
the necessity that Townshend
should no longer remain in the Cabinet
was too ill to thrust his adversary out, or give advice to his colleague.
Nor could Shelburne
by himself alone abandon the ministry; for such a resignation would have seemed to his superior a desertion or a reproach.
He continued, therefore, to protect American liberty as well as he could, but had no support, and was powerless to control events; for Grafton
and even Camden yielded to Townshend
's impetuosity, and were very ready to sacrifice Shelburne
to the royal resentment.
The disappearance of Chatham
reanimated the dissatisfied factions of the aristocracy; yet, in case of success, they had no agreement respecting ulterior measures or the distribution of influence.
They had only a common desire according to the traditions of the old Whig party, to make the King
so far subordinate to his ministers, that it should be ‘impossible ’