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[82] the other, to employ the name of Chatham. Grafton
Chap. XXIX.} 1767. May.
readily adopted a plan, to lead the aristocracy into disputes among themselves; and then, separating the Bedfords from the rest, to introduce a part of them to power. Keen observers saw the certainty of changes, and predicted a ‘mosaic’ Ministry.1

To proceed securely, Grafton required some understanding with Chatham; but Chatham refused to see him, pleading his disability.2 The King himself intervened by a letter, framed with cool and well considered adroitness, but which seemed an effusion of confidence and affection. In the House of Lords the Earl had given an open defiance to the whole nobility; and the King charged him by his ‘duty, affection, and honor,’ not to ‘truckle’ now, when the ‘hydra’ was at the height of its power. For success, nothing was wanted but that he should have ‘five minutes conversation’ with Grafton.3

Chatham yielded to such persuasion; though suffering from a universal tremor, which application to business visibly increased.4 Grafton was filled with grief at ‘the sight of his great mind, bowed down and thus weakened by disorder;’5 but he obtained from him the declaration, that ‘he would not retire except by his majesty's command.’6

At a second interview in June,7 Grafton, urged by


1 Chesterfield to his Son, 1 June, 1767.

2 Chatham Corr. III. 255-260.

3 King to Chatham, 30 May, 1767, 34 m. past 2, and 35 m. past 8 p. m. Chat. Corr. III. 260-264.

4 De Guerchy to Choiseul, 10 June, 1767.

5 Grafton's Autobiography.

6 Walpole's Memoirs, III. 53.

7 The Duke of Grafton in his autobiography, does not carefully discriminate between his two interviews with Lord Chatham.—The first must have been inconclusive, since a second was so soon necessary. In part VI. of his work, he speaks of his “interesting and most important” conversation with Lord Chatham on the King's birthday, 1767, and in the part IV. in which he gives an account of the interview, he adds a note from Lord Camden, dated June 4, which he says he received ‘as he was stepping into his phaeton to go to North End.’ The letter of the King to Chatham, in the Chatham Correspondence, III. 266, dated June 2, is of July 2. The inclosure was written in the evening of July 1, 1767, and was delivered by Grafton to the King, July 2.

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