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Chapter 30:

How Townshend's American taxes were received by France and America.—coalition of the King and the aristocracy.

July—November, 1767.

the anarchy in the Ministry was agreeable
Chap. XXX.} 1767. July.
to the King, for it enabled him to govern as well as to reign. Grafton made no tedious speeches in the closet, and had approved the late American regulations; persuading himself even that the choice of tea as the subject of taxation was his own;1 that the law, suspending the legislative functions of New-York, was marked by moderation and dignity;2 and that abrogating the Charters of the American Colonies would be their emancipation from ‘fetters.’3

The King, who wished to retain Conway in office and had looked into his heart to know how to wind and govern him, attached him by the semblance of perfect trust; showing him all Chatham's letters,4 and

1 Grafton of himself, in his Autobiography.

2 Grafton's Autobiography.

3 Grafton's Autobiography.

4 Walpole's Memoirs, III. 61, 62. Here Walpole becomes a leading authority on account of his intimacy with Conway, and for the time, with Grafton. The comparison with the Autobiography of the latter, shows that Walpole was well-informed.

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