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[111] desirable that ‘the Colonies should forget themselves
Chap. XXXI.} 1767. Dec.
still further.’ ‘Five or six frigates,’ they clamored, ‘acting at sea and three regiments on land, will soon bring them to reason and submission.’1 ‘The waves,’ replied Franklin,2 ‘never rise but when the winds blow;’ and addressing the British public, he showed that the new system of politics tended to dissolve the bonds of union between the two countries. ‘What does England gain by conquests in America,’ wrote the French Minister, ‘but the danger of losing her own Colonies?3—Things cannot remain as they are; the two nations will become more and more embittered, and their mutual griefs increase.—In four years,4 the Americans will have nothing to fear from England, and will be prepared for resistance.’ He thought of Holland as a precedent, yet ‘America,’ he observed, ‘has no recognised chieftain; and without the qualities united in the House of Orange, Holland would never have thrown off the yoke of Spain.’5

The extreme purpose of the Bedford party to

1768. Jan.
abrogate colonial charters and introduce a uniformity of government, appeared immediately on Hillsborough's taking possession of his newly created office. Johnson, the faithful agent of Connecticut, a churchman, and one who from his heart wished to avoid a rupture between the Colonies and England, waited upon him to congratulate him on his advancement.6

1 Durand to Choiseul, 1 Jan. 1768.

2 Causes &c., Works, IV. 242.

3 Durand to Choiseul, 21 Dec. 1767.

4 Durand to Choiseul, Dec. 1767. Compare Andrew Eliot to Thomas Hollis, 15 Dec. 1767.

5 Durand to Choiseul, 1 Jan. 1768.

6 W. S. Johnson to W. Pitkin, 13 Feb. 1768.

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