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[251] the garrisons were withdrawn from the cautionary
Chap. LVII.}
towns except an English and a Scottish brigade, which passed into the service of the confederacy. William the Third recalled the former; and in 1749 the privilege of recruiting in Scotland was withdrawn from the latter, of which the rank and file, now consisting of more than twenty one hundred men, were of all nations, though its officers were still Scotchmen or their descendants. In favor of the loan of the troops, it was urged, that the officers already owed allegiance to the British king, and were therefore well suited to enter his service; that common interests and intimate relations existed between the two countries; that the present occasion offered to the prince of Orange ‘the unique advantage and particular honor’ of strengthening the bonds of close friendship which had been ‘more or less enfeebled’ by the neutrality of the United Provinces during the last French war.

In the states general, Zealand and Utrecht consented: the province of Holland objected, that a commercial state should never but from necessity become involved in any quarrel. Baron van der Capellen tot den Pol, one of the nobles of Overyssell, the Gracchus of the Dutch republic, protested against the measure on principles which were to increase in strength, and to influence the impending revolution in Europe. He reasoned that furnishing the troops would be a departure from the true policy of the strictest neutrality; that his country had fruitlessly sacrificed her prosperity to advance the greatness of England; that she had shed rivers of blood under pretence of establishing a balance of power, and had only strengthened an empire which was now assuming

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