for a long period,’ said Sherman
, ‘is a state
of slavery; a rotation of service in arms is favorable to liberty.’
‘I am in favor of the proposition to raise men for the war,’ said John Adams
; ‘but not to depend upon it, as men must be averse to it, and the war may last ten years.’
Congress was not in a mood to adopt decisive measures; and the touching entreaties of the general were passed by unheeded.
was sending over veteran armies; and they were to be met by soldiers engaged only for a year.
The debate branched off into a discussion on the pay of officers, respecting which the frugal statesmen of the north differed from those of the south; John Adams
thought the democratic tendency in New England
less dangerous than the aristocratic tendency elsewhere; and Harrison
seemed to insinuate that the war was a New England
war. But it was becoming
plain that danger hung over every part of the country; on the twenty seventh, the five middle colonies from New York to Maryland
were therefore constituted one military department, the four, south of the Potomac
, another; and on the first of March, six new generals of brigade were appointed.
In the selection for Virginia
there was difficulty: Patrick Henry
had been the first colonel in her army; but the committee of safety did not favor his military ambition, and the prevailing opinion recalled him to civil life; in the judgment of Washington
would have supplied the place well;’ but he was a native of Scotland
; so the choice fell upon Andrew Lewis
, whose courage Washington
did not question, but who still suffered from ‘the odium thrown upon his conduct at Kanawha
,’ where he had lingered in his camp, while the officers