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‘ [317] for a long period,’ said Sherman, ‘is a state
Chap. LX.} 1776. Feb.
of slavery; a rotation of service in arms is favorable to liberty.’ ‘I am in favor of the proposition to raise men for the war,’ said John Adams; ‘but not to depend upon it, as men must be averse to it, and the war may last ten years.’ Congress was not in a mood to adopt decisive measures; and the touching entreaties of the general were passed by unheeded. England was sending over veteran armies; and they were to be met by soldiers engaged only for a year.

The debate branched off into a discussion on the pay of officers, respecting which the frugal statesmen of the north differed from those of the south; John Adams thought the democratic tendency in New England less dangerous than the aristocratic tendency elsewhere; and Harrison seemed to insinuate that the war was a New England war. But it was becoming

Mar.
plain that danger hung over every part of the country; on the twenty seventh, the five middle colonies from New York to Maryland were therefore constituted one military department, the four, south of the Potomac, another; and on the first of March, six new generals of brigade were appointed. In the selection for Virginia there was difficulty: Patrick Henry had been the first colonel in her army; but the committee of safety did not favor his military ambition, and the prevailing opinion recalled him to civil life; in the judgment of Washington, ‘Mercer would have supplied the place well;’ but he was a native of Scotland; so the choice fell upon Andrew Lewis, whose courage Washington did not question, but who still suffered from ‘the odium thrown upon his conduct at Kanawha,’ where he had lingered in his camp, while the officers

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